India is the seventh largest country in the world by area, as well as being the second most populous on the planet within a short distance of China. That means that the density per inhabitant is brutal, specifically 377 inhabitants per square kilometer, an outrage if we compare it with that of Spain, which is 92 inhabitants per square kilometer.
Leaving these data aside, it must be said that it is a country marked by poverty and social inequality. That does not mean that many people want to visit it to take an experience that sometimes marks them for life. If you also want to travel to India and you want to know its most important cities, I recommend that you take note of what I tell you below.
The most populated city in India could also be considered as the most important city with the permission of Delhi or New Delhi which is the capital. Almost 15 million inhabitants live there , which is equivalent to a third of the total population of Spain. Its official name is Mumbai since 1995 and we find it in the federal state of Maharashtra, in the west of the country. It must be said that 40% of the foreign traffic of India passes through there, something that speaks of the importance of its port.
Among other things, I recommend you visit the Chhatrapati Shivaji Railway Terminal and the Elephanta cave temples, both considered World Heritage Sites by Unesco. In addition, it is good to keep in mind that it is a perfect city for shopping.
To speak of Delhi is to speak of another giant city, since it has around 12 million inhabitants and is divided into two clearly differentiated parts: Delhi and New Delhi. While in Delhi it is common to find old buildings and chaotic streets, things seem to change in New Delhi, since it is there where there are numerous government and business-focused buildings. Also, very close to there, in the city of Agra, is the famous Taj Mahal , a mausoleum that is part of The New 7 Wonders of the Modern World.
There are far fewer inhabitants in Bangalore, where more than 6 million people live. It is in the state of Karnataka, in the south of the country, and has the label of a city that houses the most important schools and research centers in the country. In fact, telecommunications and software companies decide to settle there to exploit the talent of the Indians, who are so good at computing that they have come to conquer Silicon Valley. In addition, there are also companies from industries such as aerospace or military engineering.
Until 1997 it was known as Madras. In addition to hosting an important tennis tournament, Chennai stands out as a cultural center that is worth visiting. Just under 5 million inhabitants live there and it is located in the south of the country, in the state of Tamil Nadu. It is highly recommended to go to see its mythical train station or temples like Kapaleeshwarar, while you can cool off on beautiful beaches like Marina Beach.
Some four and a half million people live in Calcutta, a place nicknamed "the city of palaces" or "the city of joy." It is located in the east of the country and many are named after Mother Teresa of Calcutta , a Catholic nun who founded the Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta in 1950 and who did not tire of caring for the sick, poor, dying and orphans. His commendable work has been recognized and praised numerous times around the world.
With just over 4 million inhabitants, Ahmedabad is arguably India’s sixth largest city in terms of population and importance. It is in the westernmost area of the country, in the state of Gujarat. There I recommend you visit the Kankaria Lake, the impressive architecture of Adalaj Stepwell or Sabarmati Ashram, a quiet place that was the home of Mahatma Ghandi and his wife (Kasturba Gandhi) for about 12 years.
Like Ahmedabad, Surat is in the state of Gujarat. Its population is around 4 million inhabitants and it is located in the Gulf of Khambhat. It is a city where very difficult moments were lived in the 90s, since in 1992 there was a lot of violence in the streets due to clashes between Hindus and Muslims, while in 1994 they were affected by a plague epidemic .
I end this compilation of major cities in India with Hyderabad, which is in the state of Andhra Pradesh. It is known as a city specialized in the trade and artisan manufacture of pearls, which has allowed it to be one of those that is growing the most economically. In addition, there are other industries that work very well, such as pharmaceuticals, nanotechnology, biotechnology and those that have to do with scientific and technological research. Charminar , a mosque and monument that was built in 1591, is undoubtedly the best-known building in the city and one of the most famous in the entire country.
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