Types of climates in the world

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When you are organizing a trip there are many things to prepare, many of them taking into account what we are going to find at our destination. The climate is one of the most important factors that you should take into account although it is something that can always vary, but the different types of climates that exist in the world make you more or less find each place has its own climate according to the time of the year. anus.

The different types are mainly classified into three groups. On the one hand there are the warm climates, on the other the temperate ones and, finally, the cold ones. Each of them has several subclimates. Let’s see the main types of climates in detail:

Warm climates

Equatorial climate : its name from the proximity to the areas of Ecuador, and its main characteristic is that large clouds are formed that make it rain almost every afternoon. It is a climate that moves geographically based on the wind of each day. It is the climate that usually exists in the Amazon regions, in the Yucatan peninsula, in the eastern part of Panama, central Africa or the western coast of Madagascar.

Tropical climate : it can occur both north and south of the equatorial climate, with a minimum temperature of 18ºC throughout the year. It doesn’t rain much but when it does it is usually in summer. It is found in areas of the Caribbean, in northern Australia, in southern India or in Polynesia).

Temperate climates

Chinese climate : it is found in places like northern India, southern Brazil and Uruguay, northwestern Argentina, Japan or South Korea. It is characterized by hot and humid summers and less warm winters.

Mediterranean climate : it is characterized especially by what it offers in summer, which are high temperatures and by having a drought, while winters are mild. It is found in the Mediterranean area, California, southern South Africa, central Chile or southwestern Australia.

Continental climate : it is probably the climate that best defines each of the four seasons. Summers are very hot and rainy, while winters are cold and dry.

Cold climates

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All these climates are characterized by extreme cold practically all year round. Among them is the tundra climate (Greenland, Siberia or the Arctic region), the polar climate (Antarctica or the Arctic) or the mountain climate (it occurs in mountainous areas more than 3,500 meters high).