Hephaestus is the Greek god of fire and volcanoes. He is also the God of all craftsmen and blacksmiths. It is the equivalent of Vulcan (the Roman god of fire) and Agni (the Hindu god of fire). The hammer, anvil and pincers are its symbols. He was adored by all the artisans of Athens . Hephaestus is the only Greek God who looked grotesque: he was lame and crippled, his feet were misshapen.
There are different stories about the birth of Hephaestus. According to one of those stories, Hephaestus is the son of Zeus and Hera. Once, during an argument between Zeus and Hera, Hephaestus sided with Hera. This enraged Zeus, who threw Hephaestus down Mount Olympus. According to mythology, Hephaestus was falling for 9 days and 9 nights until he fell into the sea, where he was raised.
The temple of Hephaestus and Athena Ergane, is situated on a hill overlooking the ancient Agora in Greece. It is one of the classical Greek temples. It was built in 449 BC, and today it is almost completely intact. The columns , the roof and the fronts are perfect. As Theseus (a hero and king of Athens) was believed to have been buried in the temple, he is also known as Theseion.
The temple is believed to have been designed by the architect of the Parthenon . It is a peripheral temple with a Doric style. The east and west sides are shorter, have six columns, while the north and south sides are longer, with a total of about 13 columns. Marble is the main material used in its construction.