Meet the Haida

Haida Gwaii is a dagger-shaped archipelago made up of a total of one hundred and fifty islands that lie about 60 miles (100 kilometers) west of British Columbia, off the coast of Canada. This group of islands is known to Europeans as the Queen Charlotte Islands. The best thing about these islands is Japan’s hot ocean currents, which provide the islands with a moderate climate.

The islands are inhabited by the Haida people. They were discovered by Europeans about two hundred years ago, when explorers and traders suddenly came across them. These natives were peaceful and friendly. The Haida had no records of their history prior to the arrival of the white man, so very little is known about his arrival on the islands. Some experts believe they came through the Bering Strait from Asia.
Others claim that they came with the currents from Japan . It is interesting how many people say that the Haida escaped a great flood in the area where they lived thanks to a large raft. This, of course, bears an uncanny resemblance to the Genesis account in the Bible. The Haida had already established a highly structured social system.

The tribe is divided into two: the clan of the eagles and the clan of the raven. The history, lineage, wealth, and status of a family within each clan were carefully depicted on the totems . The Haida people spend the period from spring to fall busy with gathering and storing food. Today the tribe is made up of about 7,000 people , who have settled in two towns: Masset Antiguo and Skidegate.