Peñíscola: a city steeped in history on the seashore

Peñíscola is one of the best known destinations to rest and enjoy a few days of sun and beach. But this town is much more, being a good option for those who like the sea and carry out more activities, especially cultural ones. The city is rich in history and has many historical-artistic elements that are well worth seeing. They are also joined by other characteristic and typical of this area that are very curious.


Peñíscola is a privileged enclave in Castellón and within the Valencian Community due to its 17 kilometers of coastline , which include forest areas and Mediterranean crops , especially orange, olive and almond trees.

It is a landscape that meets history. The most emblematic element is the well-known Papa Luna castle , which was the residence of Pope Benedict XIII and is characterized by being a castle-fortress dating from the 14th century. This building has always been seen as a stronghold and was transformed from a castle of the Templars into a papal seat, but without losing its role as a bastion.

The castle dominates the town of Peníscola and, around it, there is an entire old town with small streets, which constitute an artistic heritage in which the essence of the Mediterranean is preserved. This old town joins the new streets and more tourist areas, which have been growing near the sea.

It is very curious to see that this castle-fortress is located in a sand strip , which was swept by the waves during storms . This made the city practically turn into an island.

The route should also take us to see the Sanctuary of the Mare de Déu de la Ermitana , as well as the Fish Market and the fishing port. Other points of interest are the Museum of the Sea or the Parish Church of the Virgen del Socorro, among others.


And you can’t leave Peñíscola without seeing the so-called buffoon. This name responds to a natural monument , which is like a kind of hole between the rocks, between walls and houses, which communicates directly with the sea .

It is always interesting to see it, but it is even more so when there is a storm or are stormy days because the waters emerge with pressure through this deep hole. In summer, you can hear the beating of the waves .