The Black Forest is a forested mountain range located in the state of Baden-Württemberg in Germany. It covers the German districts of Enz, Rastatt, Calw, Freudenstadt, Ortenaukreis, Rottweil, Emmendingen, Schwarzwald Baar, Breisgau Hochschwarzwald, Lörrach, and Waldshut. It occupies almost 200 km long by 60 wide. The area is preserved by volunteers from the Schwarzwaldverein, the oldest German hiking and mountaineering club .
This mountain range is made up of gneiss rock, covered by a layer of sandstone. Some of the highest mountains in this area are Feldberg, Herzogenhorn, Belchen, Spieshorn, Schauinsland, and Kandel. The Black Forest was an important mining region on the European continent in medieval times. Rivers such as the Danube, the Neckar and the Wiese pass through the mountain range, providing the region with sufficient water supply to preserve its ecological wealth.
There are also lakes in the area as the Black Forest was covered by glaciers during the last glacial period, called Würm. Among the trees, the pines and firs stand out. However, excessive logging has caused the depletion of the forest in this area, although efforts are being made to replace it.
The region is home to rare wildlife, such as Hinterwalderberg cows. The giant earthworm, Lumbricus badensis, is only found in this area of the world. The Black Forest is one of the most booming tourist destinations in Germany. The 14,000 mile network of trails is perfect for backpackers. It is ideal for activities such as cycling, hiking or cross-country skiing.