The oldest towns in Spain

Spain is a country full of towns that are worth knowing. We have already told you about the most beautiful new towns in Spain, and we have even made lists of medieval towns, mountain towns and coastal towns .

Today I am going to focus on antiquity to tell you about those that have been standing the longest, which, as you will see, are quite well distributed throughout the Spanish geography.

Brañosera (Palencia)


Brañosera is the oldest town in Spain. It is located to the north of the province of Palencia and has a Puebla letter dated 824, so it is the first that was granted in the national territory. Some 250 people live there at an altitude of 1,220 meters . It is worth visiting for the Church of Santa Eulalia, of Roman origin, and also for the Church of Salcedillo and the Church of Valberzoso. For many years they lived on coal.

Albarracín (Teruel)

Many things can be said about Albarracín; all good. Not only can it attract tourists for being one of the oldest towns in Spain, but it is capable of convincing anyone with its beauty. It is a medieval town with very old houses made of wood and a wall that has not disappeared over the years. It has been considered a National Monument since 1961 and just over 1,000 people live in its narrow streets.

Besalú (Girona)

It is a town that I recommend visiting everyone. Its Romanesque bridge from the 12th century is one of the most beautiful I have seen and it will not cost you to find it on Instagram if you are looking for photographs of Besalú. It has been a National Historic-Artistic Complex since 1966 and the truth is that nobody is surprised, since it takes you back to medieval times by preserving buildings of the time in perfect condition.

Ronda (Malaga)

The people of Malaga not only boast of having an incredible coastline. In Ronda, a piece of the Middle Ages that survives to our times, you can contemplate a spectacular landscape from the 150 meters high of the bridge that separates the two sides of its old town.

Peñafiel (Valladolid)

Its castle is one of the most popular in Castilla y León. It is a town with a lot of history (there are remains from 2,900 BC) located in the Ribera del Duero, which in itself is a great attraction for tourists who visit it wanting to expand their knowledge of the Middle Ages .

Sepúlveda (Segovia)

In the Iron Age II our ancestors already enjoyed Sepúlveda, a municipality with just over 1,000 inhabitants that has been considered a Historic-Artistic Site since 1951.

Calatañazor (Soria)

It is another walled town whose origin dates back many years. It is in the region of Tierras del Burgo, on the banks of the Milanos River. It was declared a Historic-Artistic Site in 1962 with all its merits, since it houses an important cultural and architectural heritage .

Buitrago del Lozoya (Madrid)

In the Community of Madrid there are also old towns. The most popular is Buitrago de Lozoya, which has a castle and walls to protect it. Fortunately, today they are only used to remember life during the Medieval Age.

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